Scientists are testing every day to find the best gears for germ protection during coronavirus outbreak. Our topic today is “Masks”, as the novel coronavirus spreads throughout the US, people have clamoured for now sold-out or up-charged masks of all types in an effort to protect themselves.

Understanding of Surgical Masks and N95 Respirators

SurgicalMaskN95 Respirator

Testing and ApprovalCleared by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA)Evaluated, tested, and approved by NIOSH
Intended Use and PurposeFluid resistant and provides the wearer protection against large droplets, splashes, or sprays of bodily or other hazardous fluids. Protects the patient from the wearerโ€™s respiratory emissions.Reduces wearerโ€™s exposure to particles including small particle aerosols and large droplets (only non-oil aerosols).
Face Seal FitLoose-fittingTight-fitting
Fit Testing RequirementNoYes
User Seal Check RequirementNoYes. Required each time the respirator is donned (put on)
FiltrationDoes NOT provide the wearer with a reliable level of protection from inhaling smaller airborne particles and is not considered respiratory protectionFilters out at least 95% of airborne particles including large and small particles
LeakageLeakage occurs around the edge of the mask when user inhalesWhen properly fitted and donned, minimal leakage occurs around edges of the respirator when user inhales
Use LimitationsDisposable. Discard after each patient encounter.Ideally should be discarded after each patient encounter and after aerosolgenerating procedures. It should also be discarded when it becomes damaged or deformed; no longer forms an effective seal to the face; becomes wet or visibly dirty; breathing becomes difficult; or if it becomes contaminated with blood, respiratory or nasal secretions, or other bodily fluids from patients.
Source: https://www.cdc.gov/

If you live in an outbreak zone, you must wear a mask. Here the list of highly-rated N95 Respirator and Surgical Masks for everyone during this coronavirus outbreak.

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